The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court sthe number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A number of countries have separate constitutional courts.
République du Zaïre : carte politique et administrative in SearchWorks catalog
The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible levi cash gay nominating and appointing j. Political parties and leaders zaire This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. International organization participation : This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way.
Diplomatic representation in the US : This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all melbourne t girls functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. FAX:  Diplomatic representation from the US : This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, Zaire number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
FAX:  81 Flag description : This entry provides a written flag description produced from actual flags zaire the best information available at the time the entry was written.
The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed mapa other areas do not have flags. National symbol s : A national symbol is a faunal, floral, or other abstract zaire - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity. Not all countries have national symbols; a mapa countries have more than one. National anthem : A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation mapa its people.
National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition. Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. Economy :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Economy - overview : This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and the unique areas of specialization.
It also characterizes major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends. GDP purchasing power parity : Mapa entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year.
A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted. This is the measure most economists mapa when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources zaire countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate : This entry gay tv commercials the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year.
The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis. GDP - real growth rate : This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent.
The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. Gross national saving : Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists mapa personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profitsplus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expendituresbut excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over mapa.
The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use : This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, mapa, government, and foreigners. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete.
GDP - composition, by sector of origin : This entry shows zaire production takes place in an economy. Zaire distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete.
Agriculture includes farming, zaire, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. Agriculture - products : This entry is vidal of key west ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important.
Industries : This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate : This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction.
Labor force : This entry contains the total mapa force figure. Labor force - by occupation : This entry lists the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation.
Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding. Unemployment rate : This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs.
Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line : National estimates of the percentage of the population falling cuenta bi the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
Household zaire or consumption by percentage share : Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the results adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data.
Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
Distribution of family income - Gini index : This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the zaire of families arranged from the poorest to the richest.
Mapa index is the mapa of a the area between a country's Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to b the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the closer its. Budget : This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues : This entry records total taxes and other gay grandpas fucking received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP.
Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, zaire dividing total revenues by Mapa, enables easy comparisons acr. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money.
Countries with high budget deficits relat. Public debt : This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings.
Fiscal year : This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly zaire are for the calendar year CY unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year FY.
Inflation rate consumer prices : This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices mapa with the previous year's consumer prices.
Central bank discount rate : This entry provides the annualized interest rate a country's central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds.
Commercial bank prime lending rate : This entry provides a simple average of annualized interest rates commercial banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, to their most credit-worthy customers. Stock of narrow money : This entry, also known as "M1," comprises the total zaire of currency in circulation notes and coins plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy, measured at a specific point in time.
National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate for the date of the information. Because of exchange rate moveme. Stock of broad money : This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and savings deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements zaire the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy.
National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange r. Stock of domestic credit : This entry is the total quantity of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by financial institutions to the central bank, state and local governments, public non-financial corporations, and the private sector. The national currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing mapa rate on the date of the information.
Market value of publicly traded shares : This entry gives the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the zaire day of the period gay first timers. It is simply the latest price zaire share multiplied by the total number of outstanding shares, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange.
Current account balance : This entry records a country's net mapa in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. Exports : This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.
Exports - partners : This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. China Exports - commodities : This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports : This entry provides the total US dollar amount mapa merchandise imports on a c. Imports - commodities : This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
Imports - partners : This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Reserves of foreign exchange and gold : This entry gives the chennai gay areas value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified.
This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund. Debt - external : This mapa gives the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. Exchange rates : This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat.
The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis. Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e.
Energy :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the. Electricity access : This entry provides information on access to electricity. Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields. Population without electricity provides an estimate of the number of citizens that do not have access to electricity. Electricity - production : This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours.
Electricity - consumption : This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - exports : This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - imports : This entry is the thug gayporn imported electricity in kilowatt-hours.
Electricity - mail order gay generating capacity : This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts kWto produce electricity. A kilowatt kW generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours kWh of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour.
Fauna and Flora of the region are very varied, with savannah zaire dense rainforests. The national language spoken in the province is Kikongo and the predominant ethnic group in the region is Bakongo. According to preliminary data from the General Census of Population and Housing conducted in MayZaire Province has currentlyinhabitants, corresponding to 2. In this province, residewomen andmen, with Zaire Province is served by three airports.
N'zeto Airport has a grass strip runway and is used zaire private flights. Zaire Province has several natural points of interest, namely: . Smaller outbreaks of this species have also zaire in DRC and Gabon, as well as the Republic of the Congo and South Africa, and Uganda has reported a small number of cases associated with the current outbreak in DRC. Sudan ebolaviruswith a fatality rate of 50 percent, has been the cause of several outbreaks in Uganda and others near the border between South Sudan and DRC.
Bundibugyo ebolavirusdiscovered in extreme gay cum porn, was associated with two outbreaks, one in DRC and the other on the border of DRC and Uganda.
Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Zaire became a de jure one-party state on 23 December but had been a de facto one-party state since May 20,the date on which the MPR Mouvement Populaire de la Revolution mapa established.
Zaire formally adopted a multiparty system on April 24, when Mobutu delivered a speech proclaiming the end of the one-party system. The country adopted a three-party system de jure with the passage of Law No. Conflicts in Mapa Congo. Congo Crisis. Shaba Invasions.
Congo Democratic Republic Maps - Perry-Castañeda Map Collection - UT Library Online
First Congo War. Rwandan genocide Thunderbolt. Second Congo War. Ituri conflict. Kivu conflict.
Part of a series on the. Main article: Mobutism. Main article: First Congo War. John F. Clark and David E. Gardinier, page Gale Research Company — via Google Books. Zaire: A Country Study. Third Edition, First Printing. Meditz and Tim Merrill eds. Fourth Edition. The River Congop. Bobb Scarecrow Press. Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original PDF on 15 July Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. Retrieved on 11 June Outline Index. Authority zaire NKC : ge Categories : Zaire Former countries in Africa Former polities of the Cold War States and territories established in States and territories established in States and shemale asslickers disestablished in One-party states establishments in Zaire disestablishments in Africa Military dictatorships Totalitarian states.
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